How the Katana Sword is Made
A katana is a long-sword with a single edge and a curved blade. It is a weapon used by the Samurai of Feudal Japan and is regarded as one of the most prestigious swords in history. It is a symbol of honor and a source of pride for its owner. Despite its deadly nature, the katana is a beautiful and elegant weapon. It is used for a variety of combat techniques and has become an important part of Japanese culture.
The first step in a swordsmith’s process is known as tamahagane, or forging. The smith takes hard, high-carbon steel and shapes it into a U-shaped channel. Then he takes tough, low-carbon steel and hammers it into the channel so that both types of metal fit snugly together. The combination of the two types of metal creates the katana’s perfect balance between strength and flexibility.
After tamahagane, the swordsmith uses a clay slurry to heat and then quench the blade, which cools it very quickly. The difference in cooling between the blade and its softer core metal gives the katana its distinctive curve. The softer steel also allows the blade to bend and resist breakage during use.
Once the blade is made, the smith grinds it with rough tools and then with a plane for smoothing. The blade is then reheated over a charcoal fire for tempering, which changes the hardness of the Martensite, or tempered metal. The smith then adjusts the straight lines of the Mune and Shinogichi, and hammers it with a Kozuchi to correct unevenness in the Hirachi (blade). He also adds a pattern to the blade called Hamon. buy a katana here